This article needs additional citations for verification. The bancor was a supranational currency that John Maynard Keynes and E. John Maynard Keynes anglais, 3e PDF an explanation for the ineffectiveness of monetary policy to stem the depression, as well as a non-monetary interpretation of the depression, and finally an alternative to a monetary policy for meeting the depression.
Keynes believed that in times of heavy unemployment, interest rates could not be lowered by monetary policies. The ability for capital to move between countries seeking the highest interest rate frustrated Keynesian policies. Bancor would not be an international currency. It would rather be a unit of account used to track international flows of assets and liabilities, which would be conducted through the International Clearing Union.
Gold could be exchanged for bancors, but bancors could not be exchanged for gold. Individuals could not hold or trade in bancor. Each item a member country exported would add bancors to its ICB account, and each item it imported would subtract bancors. Limits would be imposed on the amount of bancor a country could accumulate by selling more abroad than it bought, and on the amount of bancor debt it could rack up by buying more than it sold. This was to stop countries building up excessive surpluses or deficits. Keynes was able to make his proposal the official British proposal at the Bretton Woods Conference but it was not accepted. Rather than a supranational currency, the conference adopted a system of pegged exchange rates ultimately tied to physical gold in a system managed by the World Bank and IMF.
44: Shaping the Post-war World: The Clearing Union. Il existe deux mots homonymes livre. L’expression religions du Livre fait référence aux religions juive, chrétienne et islamique. Un livre blanc est un document officiel publié par un gouvernement ou une organisation internationale. En comptabilité, le grand livre est le recueil de l’ensemble des comptes d’une entreprise.
Un livre numérique est un fichier informatique pouvant être lu par un appareil électronique portable voué à l’affichage de textes numérisés. Un livre est une section d’un ouvrage, non nécessairement publiée séparément. Ce sens plutôt ancien est à rapprocher de tome, partie, voire chapitre. Une livre est initialement une unité de masse.