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Une anthologie de textes en anglais, avec des exercices, afin d’acquérir le vocabulaire technique des grandes spécialités de la psychologie.
Public concerné : Étudiants en DEUG de psychologie
Visit the following websites at their new locations! This list includes notable psychologists and contributors to psychology, some of whom may not have thought of themselves primarily as psychologists but are included here because of their important contributions to the discipline. Anne Treisman, visual attention, object perception, and memory. A person with pedophilia is called a pedophile. The child must be at least five years younger than the person in the case of adolescent pedophiles before the attraction can be called pedophilia.
Adults whose primary sexual attraction is for early adolescents are properly called hebephiles, not pedophiles. Medically, this condition is classified by the American Psychiatric Association as a mental disorder. Not all pedophiles feel or act in the same way. Some pedophiles are only sexually attracted to prepubescent children.
Some pedophiles have a sexual preference for prepubescent children but are sexually attracted to adults as well. Some adults who prefer adult sexual partners are also sexually attracted to prepubescent children. For pedophiles who commit child sexual abuse, some studies have shown that pedophiles who are only attracted to children may abuse more children than pedophiles who also have adult sexual partners. The people who abuse children are often known to them—such as parents, other relatives, and friends—and are not strangers. One research study found that half the adults convicted of child sexual abuse of children outside of their family were also sexually abusing their own children.
Medical researchers do not know how many people in the population are pedophiles. This is because it is hard to study people’s feelings and desires unless they actually show that they have those feelings. Generally, the only pedophiles who can be studied are those who have both broken the law and been caught and convicted of child sexual abuse. Some sources, such as the Mayo Clinic, report that most child sexual abuse of prepubescent children is committed by pedophiles, while other studies report that most people who sexually abuse children are not pedophiles. As of 2008, most doctors believe that pedophilia cannot be cured. The current approach to deal with pedophiles who have been convicted of sexual abuse is to try to change their behavior. It does not change their sexual attraction.
Using this treatment, it is believed that some sex offenders can be prevented from offending again. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 5:391-407. Pedophilia: The problem with diagnosis and limitations of CBT in treatment ». World Health Organization, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems: ICD-10 Section F65. Sex offenders: Results of assessment and recommendations for treatment. Cycle of child sexual abuse: links between being a victim and becoming a perpetrator ». Pedophilia and Sexual Offenses Against Children, » Annual Review of Sex Research, 15, 329-369.