Jump to navigation Jump mare nostrum : dynamiques et mutations géopolitiques de la Méditerranée PDF search For the current administrative region of France, see Occitanie. Map of Occitania in Occitan language, with the main cities.
Occitania in a text printed in 1644. Occitania in a text printed in 1647. Based on a geolinguistic definition, Occitania coincides with the current area of Occitan language. Occitania was first defined in relation to its civilization, even before its language.
The name Occitanie appeared in the Middle Ages on the basis of a geographical, linguistic and cultural concept, to designate the part of the French royal domain speaking the langue d’oc. If the preceding notions are generally limited to the modern linguistic boundaries of Occitan, this term can also be used to designate a larger territory. The term « Occitania » becomes commonplace more and more in the vocabulary of scientists. In 2016, the name Occitanie is used for the French administrative region Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées which is located on part of the traditional Occitania and includes the Roussillon. Occitania comes from the medieval Latin Occitania. The first part of the name, Occ-, comes from Occitan òc and the expression langue d’oc, in Italian lingua d’oc. The first attestation of the use of Occitanie in French dates from 1556.
The first certificate of Occitania in Italy date 1549. All of the Occitan language country have had various designations throughout history. Alongside the rapprochement to the Occitan language retained today for the words Languedoc and Occitania. Testament of Lancelot of Orgemont, 1286. Pars occitana in a book printed in Latin in 1530. Like the Occitan language, Occitania has been designated under various successive names.